Sunday, January 11, 2009

Very Basic Uzbek Vocabulary

This list was inspired by Mark Dickens' Introduction to the Uzbek Language, an excellent presentation of the minimum grammar and vocabulary needed to communicate in Uzbek. This smaller list gives you just enough vocabulary to start making your own sentences while you learn the basics of the grammar.

Visit my Uzbek Lesson Homepage as well as Mark's page, to learn more about combining these words into sentences, the true foundational element of language.

Very Basic Uzbek Vocabulary

1. Pronouns
English / Pronoun / Possessive
I / men / mening –im
you / sen / sening –ing
he/she/it / u / uning –si
we / biz / bizning –imiz
you (pl) / siz / sizning –ingiz
they / ular / ularning –si

2. Adjectives
Contrasting Adjectives
good : bad :: yaxshi : yomon
big : small :: katta : kichkina
new : old :: yangi : eski
young : old :: yosh : qari
healthy : sick :: yog’ : kasal
hot : cold :: issiq : sovuq
fast : slow :: tez : sekin
near : far :: yaqin : uzoq
right : left :: o’ng : chap

Other Adjectives
correct: to’g’ri
rich: boy
happy: xursand
beautiful: chiroyli
ready: tayyor

Contrasting Adjectives of Quantity
a little : a lot :: ozgina : ko’p
none : all :: hech : hamma

3. Numbers
1: bir
2: ikki
3: uch
4: to’rt
5: besh
6: olti
7: yetti
8: sekkiz
9: to’qqiz
10: o’n

4. Adverbs
Adverbs of Place
here : there :: bu yerda : u yerda

Adverbs of Time
early : late :: erta : kech
yesterday: kecha
today: bugun
tomororrow: ertaga

5. Question Words
who: kim
what: nima
why: nimaga
at/to where : qayer-da/-ga
when: qachon
how: qanday

6. Conjunctions
and: va
or: yoki
but: lekin

7. Postpositions
with: bilan
beside: yonida
inside: ichida
after: keyin
before: oldin
for: uchun
about: haqida

8. Verb stems
say: ayt- / understand: tushun-
know: bil- / believe: ishon-
go: bor- / come: kel-
take (to): olib bor- / bring (to): olib kel-
give: ber- / take: ol-
sell: sot- / buy: sotib ol-
lie down: yot- / sit down: o’tir-
stay/stand: tur- / move/walk: yur-
eat: ye- / drink: ich-
close: yop- / open: och-
see: ko’r- / listen: eshit-
do/make: qil- / put: qo’y-

9. Nouns
People
person: kishi
man : erkak :: woman : ayol
husband : er :: wife : xotin
father: ota :: mother : ona
son : o’g’il :: daugher : qiz
child: bola
friend: do’st
student : talaba :: teacher : o’qituvchi
worker: ishchi

Places
market: bozor
shop: do’kon
school: maktab
mehmonxona: hotel
oshxona: restaurant
kasalxona: hospital

House
house: uy
door: eshik
window: deraza
table: stol
chair: stul
toilet: tualet

Food and Drink
meat: go’sht
bread: non
food/rice: osh
tea: choy
sugar: shakar
milk: sut
water: suv

Other
thing: narsa
key: kalit
book: kitob
name: ism