Wednesday, November 10, 2004

Itty Bitty Indonesian Course

Introduction to Indonesian

Before beginning to study Indonesian, there are a few things you should know.

1. Speaking Indonesian perfectly is next to impossible.

2. Speaking Indonesian well enough is next to unavoidable.

3. Verbs, nouns, particles, etc. all run together in Indonesian. If you’ve got words for your subject, verb and object, put them in that order. The odds are in your favor that you’ll create a workable sentence that conveys your meaning.

4. People will use the words in this very tiny intro with syllables added or subtracted. Don’t worry about it. They add to meaning but you can usually get your bare point across without them, just as Indonesians in a hurry to finish their thought often do.

5. Pronounce “c” like “ch”. Pronounce your vowels like Spanish. Pronounce everything else like English. No one will take you for a native, but you’ll be on your way to communicating.

6. While Indonesian is well-suited to getting one’s point across with a minimum of fuss, getting it right is tricky. Not being a native speaker of Indonesian, the author of this guide probably has a nuance or two wrong. Feedback from visitors to Indonesia and native speakers of Indonesian is appreciated.

Indonesian Lesson Five – Nouns

Water – air
Meat – daging
Bread – roti

Coffee – kopi
Tea – te
(With) milk – (Dengan) susu

Room – kamar
Bed – tempat tidur (place of sleeping)
(With) bathroom – (Dengan) kamar mandi (room of bathing)

Table – meja
Chair – kursi
Desk – meja tulis (table of writing)

Person – orang
Place – tempat
Thing – susuatu

House – rumah
Car – mobil
City – kota

Cat – kucing
Dog – anjing
Friend – teman

Indonesian Lesson Four – A Few More Basics

Hello – Selamat siang
Goodbye – Saya pergi dulu
Excuse me – Permisi

I am American – Saya orang Amerika
I am British – Saya orang Inggris
How much is it? – Berapa harganya?

Please write it – Tolong tulis
Thank you – Terima kasih
Credit card – kartu kredit

I like it – Saya suka ini
I don’t like it – Saya tidak suka ini
Good – Baik

Come – Silakan datang
Look – Silakan melihat
Stop – Silakan berhenti

I don’t understand – Saya tidak mengerti
I’m sorry – Maaf
Where is the hotel? – Hotel di mana?

I’d like (this) – Saya mau (ini)
Just a minute – Silakan tunngu
Check, please – Minta bon

Indonesian Lesson Three – Still More Basics

Hello – Selamat siang
How are you? – Apa khabar?
Fine – Baik

Are you happy? – Apa Anda gembira?
I am happy – Saya gembira
I am not happy – Saya tidak gembira

Are you sad? – Apa Anda sedih?
I am sad – Saya sedih
I am not sad – Saya tidak sedih

Are you tired? – Apa Anda ngantuk?
I am tired – Saya ngantuk
I am not tired – Saya tidak ngantuk

One, two, three – satu, dua, tiga
Four, five, six – empat, lima, enam
Seven, eight, nine – tujuh, delapan, sembilan

Zero – nol
Ten, eleven, twelve – sepuluh, sebelas, duabelas
Left, right – kiri, kanan

Straight ahead – terus saja
Fast, slow – cepat, pelan
Here – di sini (at here)

Indonesian Lesson Two – More Basics

Hello – Selamat siang
Goodbye – Saya pergi dulu
Excuse me – Permisi

Please – Minta
Thank you – Terima kasih
You’re welcome – Kembali

Do you understand? – Anda mengerti?
I understand – Saya mengerti
I don’t understand – Saya tidak mengerti

What is this? – Apa ini?
What’s your name? – Siapa nama Anda?
My name is… – Nama saya…

Are you happy? – Apa Anda gembira?
I am happy – Saya gembira
You are happy – Anda gembira

Are you sad? – Apa Anda sedih?
I am sad – Saya sedih
You are sad – Anda sedih

Are you tired? – Apa Anda ngantuk?
I am tired – Saya ngantuk
You are tired – Anda ngantuk

Indonesian Lesson One – Basics

Hello – Selamat siang (Good day)
Goodbye – Saya pergi dulu (I must be going)
Excuse me – Permisi

I’m sorry – Maaf
How are you? – Apa khabar? (What’s the news?)
(It’s) good – Baik

Please – Minta
Thank you – Terima kasih (give love)
You’re welcome – Kembali (return)

Where is…? – … di mana? (at where?)
Bus station – Terminal bis
Where is the bus station? – Terminal bis di mana?

Airport – Lapangan Terbang
Market – Pasar
Train station – Stasiun kareta api

Restaurant – Rumah makan (place of eating)
Hotel – Hotel
Where is the hotel? – Hotel di mana?

Police – Polisi
Ambulance – Ambulans
Doctor – Dokter

Tuesday, July 13, 2004

Food II - grains and fruits

rice / nasi / bigás / laiki
bread / roti / tinapay / palaoa

avocado / alpokat / abokádo / *
mango / mangga / manggá / manakó
banana / pisang / saging / mai'a

* Our resources for Hawaiian are limited. When we don't immediately come across a vocabulary item for the language, we're assuming the English will do.

Notice how Hawaiian says ma-na-kó for "mango" to avoid putting two consonants together.

Notice also how far mispronuciations can travel: Nahuatl áhuacatl (Mexico) goes to Spanish aguacate, winds up in most of Europe as a variant of avocado (eg Italian avocado, Fr. avocat, German avocado), then comes around the globe the rest of the way for Tag. abokádo, Ind. alpokat.

Colors

English / Indonesian / Tagalog / Hawaiian
red / merah / pulá / mea
blue / biru / asúl / polú or uli-uli*
green / hijau / luntian (berde) / 'óma'o*
yellow / kuning / diláw / melemele
black / hitam / itím / 'ele'ele
white / putih / putî / ke'oke'o

Indonesian, Tagalog and Hawaiian didn't distinguish the color "blue" except under Western influence. Biru and Polú are probably mispronunciations of Dutch blauw and English blue. Uli-uli means sea-blue. Tagalog asúl is from Spanish azul, like azure and Tagalog berde is from Spanish verde, green, like verdant. A reader informs me that the true, or non-adopted, Tagalog word for green is luntian.

Food I - meat and fish

English / Indonesian / Tagalog / Hawaiian

beef / (daging) sapi / karnéng-baka / 'i'o pipi
goat / (daging) kambing / karnéng-kambing / 'i'o kao
pork / (daging) babi / karnéng-baboy / 'i'o pua'a
*daging/karnéng/'i'o = meat (of)

chicken / ayam / manók / 'i'o moa
fish / ikan / isdâ / i'a

Hawaiian pipi is a very bad attempt to say "beef." So says Schütz' in All About Hawaiian (U of Hawai'i P, 1995).

Tagalog baka is doubtless from Spanish vaca, cow.

Tagalog karné is from Spanish carne, meat.